Papardelle with Leeks and Bacon

Pappardella are large, very broad, flat  pasta noodles, similar to wide fettuccine. The name derives from the verb “pappare”, to gobble up.  Pappardelle is a well-loved type of pasta in Tuscany.  Tagliatelle, tagliolini, pappardelle, tortellini, and lasagne are some of the pastas made from sfoglia, the “leaves” of egg-and-flour dough. Tagliatelle which simply means cut pasta is a pasta wider than fettuccine but narrower than pappardelle. Legend has it that the tagliatelle shape–strips of pasta about a half inch wide, was invented in 1487 by Maestro Zafirano, a cook from the village of Bentivoglio, on the occasion of the marriage of Lucrezia Borgia to the Duke of Ferrara. The cook was said to be inspired by the beautiful blond hair of the bride. Despite the appeal of this romantic notion, it seems likely
that the invention of tagliatelle in Italy is earlier. Not only do we have pictorial representations of tagliatelle before this date in the Tacuinum Sanitatis, an eleventh-century Arab health manual translated into Italian that was first illustrated in the fourteenth century, but in the Compendium de naturis et proprietatibus alimentorum, a list of local Emilian nomenclature for foods compiled in 1338 by Barnaba de Ritinis da Reggio di Modena, the entry for something called fermentini indicates that it is cut into strips like tagliatelle and boiled.

Shrimp Pernod with Spinach Cakes

Pernod is an anise-flavoured, or black licorice flavoured liqueur.  This beverage becomes cloudy when diluting over ice because it is  aniseed-based. It contains oils called  terpeness, which are soluble in an aqueous solution that contains 30% ethanol or more by volume. When the solution is diluted to below 30% ethanol, the terpenes become insoluble causing the beverage to become cloudy.